Gall Stone Diseases

From liver comes out two ducts (hepatic ducts) and join to form common hepatic duct , later joined by another duct(cystic duct) with the gall bladder to form common bile duct. Bile is a green liquid forms in liver, comes out via hepatic ducts, gets stored in gall bladder to get
concentrated and va common bile duct comes out of gall bladder and reaches intestine and digest food(mainly fatty.

There are chances of formation of stones in gall bladder, in bile duct or formation in gall bladder and slippage in bile duct. Gall Stone Disease is pretty common.

Symptoms are :

  • Pain in upper abdomen
  • Indigestion
  • Vomiting
  • Jaundice (in case of bile duct stones)

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Treatment
Gall stone

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy is the gold standard treatment.Difficult cases which were not amenable to laparoscopy now can be included in keyhole surgery basket.

Bile duct stones

Mainstay of treatment is Endoscopic( ERCP).But if it fails then surgical removal of bile duct stones is required which is also possible laparo – scopically.